Lumbini Province is a western Nepalese province. It is bounded to the north by Gandaki Province and Karnali Province, to the west by Sudurpashchim Province, and to the south by Uttar Pradesh and Bihar of India. Lumbini is the third largest and the third most populous province in Nepal.
Deukhuri, the capital of Lumbini, is located near the geographic centre of the province; it is a small town that is currently being developed to meet the requirement of provincial capital. Butwal and Siddharthanagar in Rupandehi District, Nepalgunj in Banke District, Tansen in Palpa District, and Ghorahi and Tulsipur in Dang District are the major cities in this province. The province is home to the World Heritage Site of Lumbini, where, according to Buddhist tradition, Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born.