Mumbai, originally Bombay, is the state capital of Maharashtra in southern India. It is the country’s financial and commercial hub, as well as its main port on the Arabian Sea.
Mumbai, India’s most populous city, is located on the coast of Maharashtra and is one of the world’s largest and most densely inhabited urban centres. It was built on an ancient town site and was named after the local goddess Mumba—a version of Parvati, the consort of Shiva, one of Hinduism’s main gods temple formerly stood in what is now the city’s southeastern portion. During the British colonial period, it was known as Bombay, which was probably an Anglicized corruption of Mumbai or of Bom Baim (“Good Harbour”), an allegedly Portuguese name for the area. The name Mumbai was formally reinstated in 1995, though the term Bombay was still widely used.