state of India, located in the subcontinent’s southeast. It is bounded to the south by Tamil Nadu, to the southwest and west by Karnataka, to the northwest and north by Telangana, and to the northeast by Odisha. The eastern border is a 600-mile (970-kilometer) stretch of coastline along the Bay of Bengal. Telangana was a region within Andhra Pradesh for nearly six decades before being split off to form a separate state in 2014. Hyderabad, in west-central Telangana, is the capital of both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

Andhra Pradesh is one of the country’s leading rice-growing states and a major tobacco producer. The rivers of the state, particularly the Godavari and the Krishna, but also the Penneru, account for its agricultural importance.

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