Adoni is built on three connected mountains, with a variety of irregular fortifications piled one on top of the other. It requires a garrison of 30,000 men to keep it running. Mountain fortifications are frequently inadequate… A large plain lies to the south of Adoni, mountains to the north, which are obnoxious due to their proximity, and mountains to the east. There are also mountains to the west, which is the weakest part.

It is believed that Chandra Sen founded it in 1200 BC and that it later became part of the mediaeval kingdom of Vijayanagar, which flourished from the 14th to the 16th centuries. The fort was then used as a stronghold by the Muslim kings of Bijapur and Golconda of the Adil Shahi dynasty. The fort was captured by Aurangzeb in 1690, then passed to the Raja of Mysore, Tipu Sultan, before being ceded to the British in 1799. Adoni was a Vijayanagara Empire fort town in the 15th and early to mid-16th centuries. It was ruled by Aliya Rama Raya’s kinsmen, a powerful Vijayanagara aristocrat.

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